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When to use super alloys in springs

Springs can be essential to the operation of some equipment and must be designed and specified to withstand the application-specific conditions. For applications with harsh conditions, Lee Spring offers high performance nickel and cobalt ‘super alloys’. 

Materials with high alloy content, known as super alloys or exotic alloys, offer enhanced performance properties including excellent strength and durability, and resistance to oxidation, corrosion and deforming at high temperatures or under extreme pressure.

Due to these properties, super alloys make the best spring materials for demanding working conditions, which can be encountered across various industry sectors, including the Automotive, Marine and Aerospace sectors as well as oil and gas extraction, thermal processing, petrochemical processing and power generation.

Super alloy springs can be used in a number of severe conditions including extreme high or low temperatures, great pressure and facing outdoor conditions, including extreme weather.  Springs not made from super alloys, if used in these circumstances, are at risk of becoming deformed or damaged, as they will not be strong enough to withstand heavy impact or harsh conditions.

“The reliability of the finished product in its application hinges on the correct material selection to meet the specific application requirements” says Darren Eyre, Technical Specialist at Lee Spring. “Stainless steel, for example, is tough and corrosion resistant, but it does not offer the properties that are required in order to withstand extreme heat, so is likely to distort when exposed to high temperatures. It is essential to clearly understand the environment that the spring is likely to be used in.”

Inconel alloys are available in different grades (600, X-750 and 718) and are suitable in valves, pumps or actuators, for applications that involve high pressure and high temperatures, for example in nuclear power stations or for drilling on offshore platforms.   Nimonic and Hastelloy alloys are also corrosion resistant and are suitable for applications involving high pressure and high temperature.

“Springs required to operate in harsh environments could mean anything from underwater, contending with corrosion from saltwater, or contact with ‘sour’ gas from drilling down under the sea bed, to 35,000 feet up in the air battling low temperatures and high wind speeds” says Nick Lungley, Applications Engineer at global spring company, Lee Spring. “Offshore applications require equipment that is capable of ‘braving the elements’, and some manufacturing or furnace applications involve extreme high or low temperatures. Some applications will involve the equipment being subjected to highly corrosive substances.”

The nickel-cobalt alloy, MP35N, consists of nickel and cobalt and is ideally suited to marine and sub-sea applications due to its resistance to hydrogen sulphide, salt water and mineral acids, which can have a highly corrosive effect on most metals. Monel is a nickel based alloy that incorporates copper and iron. It is corrosion resistant and acid resistant, so is suitable for marine applications as well as applications involving acids and other highly corrosive substances.

Lee Spring offers custom engineering in spring design and a range of materials, available up to 19mm diameter, alloys and nickel and cobalt super alloys including Inconel, Nimonic, Hastelloy, Monel, Elgiloy and MP35N. Other alloys available include stainless steel, phosphor bronze and beryllium copper. For more information visit http://www.leespring.co.uk, or call Lee Spring on 0118 978 1800.

 

 

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